From the very beginning of the epidemic, AIDS was linked to punishment. Calls to punish people living with HIV – mostly stigmatized minorities – began before doctors could even name the disease. Punitive attitudes towards AIDS prompted lawmakers around the country to introduce legislation aimed at criminalizing the behaviors of people living with HIV. Punishing Disease explains how this happened—and its consequences. And now, with lawmakers moving to tack on additional diseases such as hepatitis and meningitis, the question is more than academic. With the door to criminalizing sickness now open, what other ailments will follow?